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21st Social Survey (2016) - German and Non-Mobile Foreign Students 


Serial Number:

German and non-mobile foreign students that have been enrolled in a state or state-recognized higher education institution in the summer semester of 2016, not including students of public administration colleges, schools for distance learning, universities of the federal armed forces, preparatory colleges (Studienkollegs) as well as guest students, students on leave of absence, PhD students and students of language courses.

Survey Unit:
Survey Data Type:
Quantitative Data 
Sampling Procedure:
Probability Sample: Stratified Sample: Disproportional 
Survey Method:
Standardised online survey 
Field Period:
May 23, 2016 - Aug 31, 2016
Gross Sample Size:
n = 341,651
Net Sample Size:
n = 55,211
Response Rate:

The 341,651 cases are an adjusted gross sample that excludes undeliverable e-mail invitations. In the project report, this is referred to as a "net sample" (see Middendorff, E., Apolinarski, B., Becker, K., Bornkessel, P., Brandt, T., Heißenberg, S. & Poskowsky, J. (2017). Die wirtschaftliche und soziale Lage der Studierenden in Deutschland 2016. 21. Sozialerhebung des Deutschen Studentenwerks – durchgeführt vom Deutschen Zentrum für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), p. 11).

Geographic Coverage:

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